Studying genomic processes at the single-molecule level: introducing the tools and applications
Tue, Oct 30 2012 12:59 | Arisaka Best Selection, Arisaka Favorites, Bio Imaging, Epigenetics, Genetics
To understand genomic processes such as transcription, translation or splicing, we need to be able to study their spatial and temporal organization at the molecular level. Single-molecule approaches provide this opportunity, allowing researchers to monitor molecular conformations, interactions or diffusion quantitatively and in real time in purified systems and in the context of the living cell. This
New South Pole Telescope shows Omaga = 1.006 +- 0.004
The South Pole Telescope published the new results.Omega_K=-0.003+0.014-0.018. Using the SPT+WMAP7 data, the spectral index of scalar fluctuations tis ns=0.9623+/-0.0097 in the LCDM model, a 3.9sigma preference for a scale-dependent spectrum with ns<1.
Dark Matter Filament Studied in 3-D for the First Time
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have studied a giant filament of dark matter in 3D for the first time. Extending 60 million light-years from one of the most massive galaxy clusters known, the filament is part of the cosmic web that constitutes the large-scale structure of the Universe, and is a leftover of the very first moments after the Big Bang. If the high mass measured for
Newborn cortical neurons: only for neonates?
Despite a century of debate over the existence of adult cortical neurogenesis, a consensus has not yet been reached. Here, we review evidence of the existence, origin, migration, and integration of neurons into the adult and neonatal cerebral cortex. We find that the lack of consensus likely stems from the low rate of postnatal cortical neurogenesis that has been observed, the fact that neurogenesis
Optimization of a GCaMP Calcium Indicator for Neural Activity Imaging
Genetically encoded calcium indicators (GECIs) are powerful tools for systems neuroscience. Recent efforts in protein engineering have significantly increased the performance of GECIs. The state-of-the art single-wavelength GECI, GCaMP3, has been deployed in a number of model organisms and can reliably detect three or more action potentials in short bursts in several systems in vivo. Akerboom
Genetically encoded optical indicators for the analysis of neuronal circuits
In a departure from previous top-down or bottom-up strategies used to understand neuronal circuits, many forward-looking research programs now place the circuit itself at their centre. This has led to an emphasis on the dissection and elucidation of neuronal circuit elements and mechanisms, and on studies that ask how these circuits generate behavioural outputs. This movement towards circuit-centric